Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorder is a condition in a child that is resulted from alcohol exposure during the mother’s pregnancy causing brain damage and growth problems. There has been no linked amount of alcohol consumption during pregnancy that causes FASD, but is known that if a women drinks during pregnancy, she puts her baby at risk. There is also no safe time to drink during pregnancy (CDC, 2020). The symptoms caused by fetal alcohol syndrome vary from child to child and are not reversible. Signs and symptoms may include any type of physical defects, intellectual or cognitive disabilities, and social and behavioral issues.
There are multiple diagnoses of FASD. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome represents people who have problems in their central nervous system, minor facial features and growth issues. Those with FAS tend to have problems with learning, memory, attention span, communication, vision, and/or hearing. They also may have a hard time in school and getting along with their peers. Alcohol-Related Neuro-developmental Disorder is another diagnoses of FASD. People with ARND tend to have intellectual disabilities and behavioral problems. They often do poorly in school and struggle with math, memory, attention, judgment, and poor impulse control. Another form of FASD is Alcohol-Related Birth Defects. Those with ARBD often have problems with their heart, kidneys, bones. It is also possible that they have trouble hearing.
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